A powerful Pakistani religious body that advises the government on the compatibility of laws with Islam on Thursday declared a new law that criminalises violence against women to be ‘un-Islamic.’ The Women’s Protection Act, passed by Pakistan’s largest province of Punjab last week, gives unprecedented legal protection to women from domestic, psychological and sexual violence. It also calls for the creation of a toll-free abuse reporting hot line and the establishment of women’s shelters.
But since its passage in the Punjab assembly, many conservative clerics and religious leaders have denounced the new law as being in conflict with the Muslim holy book, the Koran, as well as Pakistan’s constitution. ‘The whole law is wrong,’ Muhammad Khan Sherani, the head of the Council of Islamic Ideology said at a news conference, citing verses from the Koran to point out that the law was ‘un-Islamic’.
The 54-year-old council is known for its controversial decisions. In the past, it has ruled that DNA cannot be used as primary evidence in rape cases and supported a law requiring alleged victims get four male witnesses to testify in court before a case is heard.
The council’s decision this January to block a bill to impose harsher penalties for marrying off girls as young as eight or nine has angered human rights activists. Activists carry placards during a protest in Islamabad in May 2014 against the killing of Farzana Iqbal who was stoned to death by her family for marrying against their wish. The Women’s Protection Act, passed last week, gives unprecedented legal protection to women from domestic, psychological and sexual violence
Activists carry placards during a protest in Islamabad in May 2014 against the killing of Farzana Iqbal who was stoned to death by her family for marrying against their wish. The Women’s Protection Act, passed last week, gives unprecedented legal protection to women from domestic, psychological and sexual violence
The new law establishes district-level panels to investigate reports of abuse and mandates the use of GPS bracelets to keep track of offenders. It also sets punishments of up to a year in jail for violators of court orders related to domestic violence, with that period rising to two years for repeat offenders.
Fazlur Rehman, the chief of one of Pakistan’s largest religious parties, the Jamiat-i-Ulema Islam, said the law was in conflict with both Islam and the constitution of Pakistan. ‘This law makes a man insecure,’ he told journalists. ‘This law is an attempt to make Pakistan a Western colony again.’
In 2013, more than 5,800 cases of violence against women were reported in Punjab alone, the province where Wednesday’s law was passed, according to the Aurat Foundation, a women’s rights advocacy group. Those cases represented 74 per cent of the national total that year, the latest for which data is available.
Suffice to say that reading the above article is extremely dispiriting and it is hard to believe at times that we are living in the 21st century. I wonder what the real fear is amongst muslim men that women should be protected in law from all forms of abuse and should be treated as equals. As the late Christopher Hitches argued very strongly “give women control of their bodies and you will empower them to create a different society? However, Islam seems to want to treat women as subservient second class people who must conform to the rules laid down by men, and if they do not do so the consequences can be extremely harsh punishments from public floggings (recent case in Indonesia) to stoning to death (recent case in Afghanistan). Note however, that men committing similar “crimes” do not receive such severe punishments.